Baccarat is a well-known and highly respected crystal company, with a strong and well-established reputation that dates back to the 19th century. The crystal brand is known for its elegant lines, classic designs and high-quality materials.
Baccarat Crystal was founded in 1810 by Pierre, the eldest son of a wealthy French merchant. The young Pierre named the company after the famous สมัครบาคาร่า which he loved and which he had been served during his childhood. At that time, Pierre’s family were members of the powerful aristocracy and owned one of the biggest fortunes in France.
In 1814, Pierre was charged with a grave crime and was sentenced to death. The king of France spared his life and granted him a pardon. Pierre, who was not a strong man and whose health was poor, was sent into exile in the French Antilles.
Pierre’s son Jean was then only 13 years old. His mother and the rest of his family moved to Paris. They opened a business on the Rue de la Paix, which is now the Champs-Elysees. The business was a success and, in 1816, the family moved to their present location in the 17th arrondissement of Paris.
Jean, Pierre and their brother Pierre-Charles took over the business from their parents. Pierre-Charles was the eldest brother and was born in 1807. He was a man of great wit, charm and charisma. He was also very handsome. He married the daughter of a wealthy Parisian merchant, and they had one son, Alfred, who was born in 1821.
The business continued to grow and the brothers decided to expand. They moved to the old Fort de Joux in the Swiss canton of Jura. The location was chosen for its favorable climate. The business was named Baccarat.
Pierre-Charles and his wife died in 1823, leaving their son Alfred to run the business. Alfred was very young at that time and was not particularly interested in the business. He had a rich family life and was married to the daughter of a banker from the Piedmont region.
In 1827, Alfred’s wife died. He began to spend more time on his business and less on his family. He married a second time in 1831.
Alfred’s son, Eugenie, was born in 1834. Eugenie was a good-looking and charming young lady. She was also a talented artist, and she created some magnificent pieces of jewelry.
Eugenie’s daughter, Marie, was born in 1839. She was a very pretty and well-mannered young lady who loved art and painting. She would become a famous artist herself, and one of her paintings was awarded the first prize at the Paris Exhibition in 1855.
In 1837, Alfred died. He was only 31 years old. His wife Marie inherited the family business and became the sole proprietor of Baccarat.